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‘Sunset and afterglow’ (1883) by William Ashcroft, Science Museum

One of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history took place on this day in 1883 on Krakatoa, Indonesia. The eruption had huge climactic results – the colour of the sky was affected for years afterwards and the moon appeared blue/green for a time.

Artists responded to the spectacular sunsets across the globe, including these sketches made in England by British artist William Ashcroft, now held in the Science Museum.

The background of Edvard Munch’s The Scream (1893) is also thought to be an accurate representation of the sky in Norway, a decade after the eruption.